Opioids- Prescription Drugs PDF Print E-mail
Written by Kerri Ann   
Sunday, 06 November 2011 17:02

Street names:

 

M, morph, (for morphine); meth (for methadone); percs (for Percodan, Percocet); juice (for Dilaudid); oxy, OC, hillbilly heroin (for OxyContin)


What are they?


Opioids are a family of drugs that have morphine-like effects. The primary medical use for prescription opioids is to relieve pain. Other medical uses include control of coughs and diarrhea, and the treatment of addiction to other opioids. Opioids can also produce euphoria, making them prone to abuse. Some people use opioids for their ability to produce a mellow, relaxed “high.” 

Risks:


    •    constipation
    •    decreased interest in sex
    •    menstrual irregularities
    •    mood swings. Addiction to opioids can have devastating long-term social, financial and emotional effects.
    •    diarrhea, abdominal cramps
    •    slowed or stopped breathing, bluish skin and coma
    •    Regular use of large quantities of opioids during pregnancy can increase the risk of premature delivery and infant withdrawal.

IMPORTANT POINTS


    •    When opioids are used as directed under medical supervision in the general population, there is less risk of addiction. Addiction is when a drug becomes central to a person’s thoughts, emotions and activities, and he or she feels a craving or compulsion to continue using the drug. This may or may not include physical dependence.
    •    Symptoms of withdrawal from opioids include uneasiness, yawning, tears, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, goosebumps and runny nose, accompanied by a craving for the drug. Symptoms usually subside after a week, although some, such as anxiety, insomnia and drug craving, may continue for a long time.

Links
http://camh.ca/About_Addiction_Mental_Health/Drug_and_Addiction_Information/opioids_dyk.html

Last Updated on Monday, 09 December 2013 18:10