Cocaine PDF Print E-mail
Written by Kerri Ann   
Wednesday, 02 November 2011 17:54

Street names:


blow, C, coke, crack, flake, freebase, rock, white lady, snow

What is cocaine?

Cocaine comes from the leaves of the coca bush, which grows in the Andes Mountains in South America. Today, most of the world’s coca is grown and made into cocaine in South America. 

Cocaine is a stimulant drug. Stimulants make people feel more alert and energetic. Cocaine can also make people feel euphoric, or “high”. Cocaine is sold as a white powder, or when chemically processed, as rocks or crystals (known as ‘crack’ or ‘freebase’).


Taking high doses of cocaine for a long time can lead to:

    •    panic attacks
    •    psychotic symptoms, such as paranoia (feeling overly suspicious, jealous, or persecuted), hallucinations (seeing, hearing, smelling, etc., things that aren’t real) and delusions (false beliefs)
    •    erratic, bizarre and sometimes violent behaviour.
    •    anxiety, psychosis (hallucinations, loss of contact with reality) and seizures
    •    heart attack or stroke
    •    raised blood pressure
    •    seizures and heart failure.

Points to Know

    •    There is no antidote to cocaine overdose.
    •    When cocaine is used with alcohol, the liver produces cocaethylene, a powerful compound that increases the risk of sudden death beyond the risk of using cocaine alone.

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Last Updated on Monday, 09 December 2013 17:56